The Republic of Congo Brazzaville
The Republic of Congo is situated at the centre of the African continent, to the west of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon to the east, to the south of Cameroon and the Central African Republic. The coast is situated to the south of the country and is bathed by the Atlantic Ocean and it is home to the port of Pointe Noire, one of the largest in Africa. The capital, Brazzaville, is located on the Congo River, in the south of the country, immediately across from Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. A railway links Brazzaville to Pointe Noire. Its area is 342,000 km², with a population of approximately 4,012,809 (2009) inhabitants mostly made, up of young people it has a literacy of 80%. Since the country is located on the Equator, the climate is consistent year-round, with the average day temperature being a humid 24°C (75°F) and nights generally between 16°C (61°F) and 21°C (70°F). The average yearly rainfall ranges from 1,100 millimetres (43 in) in south in the Niari valley to over 2,000 millimetres (79 in) in central parts of the country. The dry season is from June to September while in the majority of the country the wet season has two rainfall maxima: one in March-May and another in October-Deceber.
The country is rich in many resources including oil, wood, potassium, calcium, phosphate, tin, gold, diamonds and iron. The forest covers a total of 22.2 million hectares, about half the area of the country.
The official language is French, other national languages are: Kikongo and Lingala.
The official religions recognized by the State are Christianity and traditional animism, respectively practiced by about 50% and 48% of the population. Muslims accounts for about 2%.
The Republic of Congo is a presidential republic and the current President is His Excellency Denis Sassou N'Guesso.
Currency: CFA franc
Fixed exchange rate: 1 Euro = 655.95 CFA Francs